Tag: momentum

SPDR Sector ETF Momentum Rotation

While introducing S&P 500 sector ETFs, we showed how the cross-correlations between them were unstable. This makes developing simple strategies challenging. One common momentum strategy is to simply go long whatever worked best in the previous period.

Rules of Rotation

For ETFs: XLY, XLP, XLE, XLF, XLV, XLI, XLB, XLK, XLU, and SPY

  1. Calculate rolling returns over n months. Where n = 1, 3, 6, 12.
  2. For the n+1th month, go long the ETF that had the highest return in Step 1.
  3. In Step 2, if the selected ETF has -ve returns, stay in cash and earn zero.

We split the dataset into Before 2010 and After 2011.

Pick your Fighter

The Before 2010 dataset shows rotation by all look-back periods to be better than buying-and-holding the S&P 500.

Probably because of the prolonged dislocation caused by the GFC in 2008 and 2009, all rotation strategies based on the rules above exhibited great stats.

The 6-month look-back rotation strategy – MOM6 – gave an annualized return of 13.04% vs. S&P 500’s 1.19%. Coming out of the crisis, this would have been the fighter to bet on.

The SPY Rope-a-Dope

In boxing parlance, a “Rope-a-Dope” is

When you maintain a defensive posture on the ropes in an attempt to outlast or tire your opponent. It is most recognized and was actually given that name by Muhammad Ali when he employed the technique to defeat George Foreman.

titleboxing.com

The After 2011 dataset is a prime exhibit of why “sure-things” don’t exist in finance.

The S&P 500 spent the next decade demolishing everything.

MOM6, the winner from our first round, went on to underperform the S&P 500 for the next 10 years by ~4%

By simply holding onto the ropes, a passive buy-and-hold S&P 500 investor would’ve come out miles ahead of someone who employed this rotation strategy.

Theme Recap 09.10.2021

A quick look at the results of some of our most popular investment strategies over the last 200-days.

Static Momentum Themes

Static Momentum Themes 200-day performance

Dynamic Momentum Themes

Dynamic Momentum Themes 200-day performance

Value Themes

Value Themes 200-day performance

Machine Learning Themes

Machine Learning Themes 200-day performance

Neural Network Themes

Neural Network Themes 200-day performance

*BRK denotes returns after assuming a brokerage of 0.1% and an STT of 0.1%

A complete list of Themes and investment strategies can be found here.

Theme Recap 02.10.2021

A quick look at the results of some of our most popular investment strategies over the last 200-days.

Static Momentum Themes

Static Momentum Themes 200-day performance

Dynamic Momentum Themes

Dynamic Momentum Themes 200-day performance

Value Themes

Value Themes 200-day performance

Machine Learning Themes

Machine Learning Themes 200-day performance

Neural Network Themes

Neural Network Themes 200-day performance

*BRK denotes returns after assuming a brokerage of 0.1% and an STT of 0.1%

A complete list of Themes and investment strategies can be found here.

High-to-Price (HTP) Momentum Backtest

Momentum investing strategies have historically produced high returns in Indian equities. The biggest problem with them has been deep drawdowns when the markets enter bear territory.

A number of risk management strategies like using moving averages, trailing stop-losses, and hedging have been discussed on this blog before. These strategies, either standalone or in combination with each other, have provided investors with significant protection against momentum crashes. These are “exogenous” techniques, i.e. they are not part of the strategy itself but is imposed by portfolio management infrastructure. The advantage of these techniques is that the default is to be always invested in the market. It is risk-management’s job to control exposure.

Alternatively, endogenous risk-management techniques are those that are baked into the investment strategy itself. Our All Star strategy is a prime example of a momentum strategy that reduces exposure to equities by design. If enough stocks are not hitting their all-time-highs, it simply sits in cash. When you combine this with one of the exogenous risk-management techniques, you end up with a high Sharpe portfolio.

The advantage of high Sharpe strategies is that you can use leverage to amplify returns. However, if you are a “cash-and-carry” investor then it might be too conservative. Is there a momentum strategy that sits between All Star and traditional momentum?

High-to-Price (HTP) Momentum

A new paper, B├╝sing, Pascal and Mohrschladt, Hannes and Siedhoff, Susanne, Decomposing Momentum: Eliminating its Crash Component (SSRN,) outlines a new way to slice the 52-week momentum strategy to avoid crash risk. It describes a ranking system based on High-to-Price (HTP) where HTP = ln(Phigh/P0) where Phigh is the stock’s 52-week high price and P0 is its price at the beginning of the period.

A monthly rebalanced HTP long-only portfolio looks promising. It sidestepped quite a few whipsaws and has a better drawdown profile than NIFTY 50.

There have been periods where the strategy couldn’t find 25 stocks to go long and it only had a handful of positions or was all cash. However, the degree of overlap between constituents in consequent months is quite high indicating that the portfolio is likely to experience very low churn. In this aspect, it is very similar to the All Stars strategy.

At a line-item level, there have been instances where some stocks have tanked more than 30% in the month. However, the skew is, by-and-large, positive.

Investing in HTP Momentum

The real world doesn’t line-up perfectly to match the end-of-the-month rebalancing activity outlined in our backtest. To make this strategy investible, it needs to have some risk-management strategy in place on a clearly defined universe of stocks and has to be dynamically rebalanced.

We present our High-to-Price (HTP) Momentum Theme that consists of a portfolio of 25 stocks selected from the top 300 stocks by market-cap that rank high on their HTP scores. A 10% trailing stop-loss ensures that errant positions don’t drag down the whole portfolio. It is ideal for investors who can accept a bit more risk than All Stars for potentially higher returns.

Theme Recap 25.09.2021

A quick look at the results of some of our most popular investment strategies over the last 200-days.

Static Momentum Themes

Static Momentum Themes 200-day performance

Dynamic Momentum Themes

Dynamic Momentum Themes 200-day performance

Value Themes

Value Themes 200-day performance

Machine Learning Themes

Machine Learning Themes 200-day performance

Neural Network Themes

Neural Network Themes 200-day performance

*BRK denotes returns after assuming a brokerage of 0.1% and an STT of 0.1%

A complete list of Themes and investment strategies can be found here.