Category: Your Money

Dollar Cost Averaging or Systematic Investment Plan

Graph showing the rate of a $1000 initial inve...

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While discussing the buy & hold fundamental investing strategy, I had indicated that the a constant, fixed investment into a broad-based ETF would perhaps be the best way for new investors to build a diversified portfolio. The NIFTYBEES is perhaps the oldest ETF listed in the NSE: it has been tracking the Nifty 50 index since 2002.

How does a do-it-yourself SIP work? Well, its pretty simple actually. You just set aside a fixed amount every month (say, Rs. 10,000) and buy the same stock or ETF every time. To give you an example, say you started buying the NIFTYBEES on the first day of every month, since the time it was listed in 2002, it would look something like this:


As you can see, the lower the price, the more units you will actually buy and hence the name Dollar Cost Averaging: you are averaging your buying price of the unit over a period of time.

Now say you did this irrespective of whether the market was down or up, how much would you have gained till date? My calculations show that an SIP on the NIFTYBEES would have netted an IRR of 18%. That’s not bad at all! For the those who want to have a look at the actual cashflow and returns, they can hop over to the spreadsheet on Google Docs.

Happy Investing!

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Cashless market?

NSE Logo

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I recently posted a link to an article that said that volume in the cash market has been dropping. I decided to do some digging myself to see how the trends are in the NSE.


Turns out, there is some truth to it. If you look at the value traded since 1995, it does look its flat lined.

You see the crash of 2000 and the recovery in this chart:


However, post-2005, it looks like there’s been a very tepid bounce back in value traded (volume x price) and it has been dipping lately.


Doesn’t bode well for the capital markets in general if everybody wants to be a derivatives trader. Ask the CDO bankers at Merrill Lynch!

Source: StockViz @ Microsoft Azure

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The best place for cash is in my pocket


Image by roberthuffstutter via Flickr

The purpose of any business is, at the end of the day, to make money. It could be through providing a service, selling a product, acting as an intermediary or investing in other companies. All of these activities should lead to free cash-flow being generated. At some point, companies have to decide what to do with the excess cash.


What should Infosys do with Rs. 2,42,14,00,00,000 ($5.38 Billion) in cash?


Infosys could try and grow bigger by acquiring smaller companies. However, IT services is a cashflow business; a bigger company will end up stock-piling more cash. For example OFSS (Oracle Financial Services) has more than $1B in cash.

Alternatively, it could buy or fund IT product companies. However, that would mean that Infosys knows more about running or funding IT product companies than the stock holder. Also, what if stock holders don’t want to invest in product companies at all?

Stock buy-backs

Infosys could also buy back its stock. Companies that pay their employees in stock options typically need to buy back their stock to avoid dilution. Infosys’ cash hoard can buy back nearly 25% of its public float and investors benefit from the capital appreciation (higher stock price) that the move would entail. The capital appreciation would result in a tax event for the investor as well.

However, what would Infosys do with all the stock it now owns? It could use it as currency to acquire other companies (pay in equity rather than cash). Or it could start paying out stock options to its employees, etc.


Infosys could choose a third, more simpler alternative: distribute the cash as dividends. Dividends are perhaps the most straight-forward, investor friendly way to return cash to the stock holder. It allow the investor maximum flexibility in deciding what to do with the cash. And since dividends are actual checks that need to get sent out, it means that the accounting profits are actually real profits. In September, Infosys paid out Rs. 40 per share, that is close to $339 million to its public shareholders.

I personally prefer dividends to other forms of returning cash to the stock holder. Its simple, it doesn’t expect the management to work miracles trying to diversify and its cash in the pocket.

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