Category: Your Money

ETFs are extremely profitable…

… for the banks that make them.

Synthetic ETFs may actually be the most profitable type of fund around, generating an average gross profit margin of 69% for their issuers, compared to physically replicated ETFs, that generate an average gross profit margin of 64%. Much of these profits are delivered via ancillary activities like securities lending, securities finance and swaps. The money is being made elsewhere. Outside of the view of ETF clients. Clients are in fact unwittingly providing capital for banks’ ancillary (and risky) ETF-related activities — while, incidentally, being directly connected to the risks that are being generated.

Read more here:

and here:

The Psychology of Technical Analysis: Ch. 2- 5

The Psychology of Technical Analysis: Profiting From Crowd Behavior and the Dynamics of Price

Evolution is the unfolding of order and complexity in the process of learning.

Aren’t investors supposed to behave rationally at all times? What is the reason behind seemingly intelligent and rational individuals caving in to heard-instinct? The simple truth is that membership of a crowd causes people to behave differently from the way that they would in isolation.

In fact, herd-instinct is hardwired into our brains. Our brain stem (the innermost part of the brain) that is primarily concerned with instinctive behaviour, developed over 250 million years ago, compared to our neo-cortex (which allows us to be aware of the thought process itself and to anticipate the future/recreate the past) that developed only during the last 50 million years or so. The operation of the neo-cortex is all too easily suppressed by the emergence of a crowd mentality. As the crowd comes into being, the brain stem and the limbic system hold sway.

Membership of a crowd involves the abrogation of personal responsibility to some degree. A crowd tends to behave in a non-rational way and forces its members to do the same. For most people, some form of crowd pressure provides a major motivating force in their social, economic and political activities.

So in essence, a crowd is a self-organized entity defined by a common purpose. Once a crowd is formed, it will react to new pieces of information from the environment. Feedback loops are created and leaders emerge. The feedback loops create stable fluctuations (limit cycles) in the relationship between the crowd and the environment. These limit cycles are subjected to shocks and the crowd readjusts to deal with unfamiliar events. Understanding limit cycles and the readjustment process is key to understanding and predicting the the overall behaviour of the crowd.

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Review: The Psychology of Technical Analysis

The Psychology of Technical Analysis: Profiting From Crowd Behavior and the Dynamics of PriceWe have discussed various styles of investing, including one based on technical analysis. Technical analysis flies in the face of the efficient-market hypothesis. EMH says that the prices of assets already reflect all past publicly available information. However, by using technical analysis, one is trying to use past data to project future prices, something that wouldn’t be possible under EMH.

Even if EMH were to be true for individuals, people behave differently when they are in groups. Sometimes a person will be relatively individualistic and at other times the same person will be relatively willing to conform to expectations imposed by others. Individual behaviour is not easily predictable, but group behaviour is.

Over the next few posts, I will be reviewing chapters, in sequence, of the book: The Psychology of Technical Analysis. Hope you will join me in the journey towards discovering the secrets of technical analysis!

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Appetite for Indian IPOs wanes

The amount of money raised through initial public offerings in India has fallen by more than 80 per cent year on year. In the past six months there have been 22 listings in India, raising a combined $780m – down on the same period last year when just over $4bn was raised in India through 28 IPOs. This could be because of heightened PE activity, with players looking to preempt companies from going public.

Read more about IPO performance here.

Source: Appetite for Indian IPOs wanes –